Welding the Elephant
Whilst reading the IET magazine, I spotted an article on Hybrid-laser welding. It was an interesting article but it also had picture of a man welding an marvelous mechanical elephant. I emailed the editor and he replied that it was a picture from the archive with the caption
“Building a Mechanical Elephant:
Frank Stuart, right, crouching, overseers the construction of a walking mechanical elephant, powered by a gasoline-fuelled Ford engine.
28 July 1950, Essex, England”
After further enquires, I was sent a copy of the Stuart Mechanimal brochure and some newspaper clippings by Thaxted‘s mechanical elephant expert, Bruce Munro.
Frank Stuart was described by his wife as a genius and was a maker of stage scenery and masks. Frank’s motivation to build the elephant was because of the costs of feeding and keeping real elephants.
The elephant was powered by a petrol engine, it would appear that over the years various engines have been used (or replaced) with including the J.A.P. 4 cycle petrol engine and a water cooled Ford engine as mentioned in the catalogue. This was coupled to a 4 speed gearbox, the reverse gear was pneumatic allowing the elephant to walk backwards. The exhaust was run through a pipe and out the trunk. Top speed was apparently 27mph but the catalogue recommends a more stately 12mph.
The framework was welded steel tubing and the steel houdah on top had a safety bar.
The legs of the elephant were large pneumatic rams with a novel self leveling system which ensured that the legs did not leave the ground whilst it was walking. However the elephant was not designed for offroad with the catalogue strongly advising not to drive up and down the curb or onto soft ground.
Video of the elephant in motion
At least 10 of the elephants were built and there are reports of them ending up all over the world. Sadly due to poor financial management the elephant building business was not a success and went broke later in the 1950s.
BBC – Memories of mechanical elephants
IET Magazine – Hybrid-laser Welding
Life Magazine 18 Dec 1950 P103 – Elephant with a Ford Inside
The Southeast Missourian Jan 13, 1950 – A robot elephant has been built
Gas Engine Magazine – Gas Powered Elephant
Updated – 25/8/2010
Another video of the mechanical elephant, this time driven by Anne Weber
Mr Fuzzy from the MIG Welding forum found a link to the Christies sale for one of these elephants.
c1949 MECHANICAL ELEPHANT “NELLIE”
Another Elephant pic, this one in Sunderland
Frank Stuart Elephant sold in Atlanta Feb 2007 on Global Giants.
Peter Sellers was also a big fan of the mechanical elephants.
interesting example of Laser welding :)
A new mechanical elephant made from recycled components
Steam Punk Mag Recycled Robo Elephant
A german site with some interesting mechanical elephants.
Hi, Good article. I, too, have been researching Mechanical Elephants. I have uncovered more information on the Stuart elephants. See my blog here http://cyberneticzoo.com/?p=4774 and here http://cyberneticzoo.com/?page_id=164 for non-Stuart Elephants.
Regards, Reuben Hoggett (cyberneticzoo)
Hi again, The Sunderland link is dead. Do you have an image you could put up instead? Reghards, Reuben.
There is a good photo of the Sunderland mechanical elephant at http://eon-arts.co.uk/photogrpahy%20north%20east%20notebook.html
Looks like the Sunderland Echo has removed the pic from their site. I’m afraid I dont have the details you might need to write to them.
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The factory I served my apprenticeship at made mechanical Elephants — before m time, they had moved on to aerospace engineering and toolmaking in the 1960’s but here is link to some info
I have a couple of photos if you can tell me how to upload